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Tanzania Quick Facts

  • Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964 after achieving independence from Britain

  • Geography: 957,300 sq km with 6.5% accounting for water

  • Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

  • Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

  • Economy Overview: Tanzania has achieved high growth rates based on its vast natural resource wealth and tourism. It has largely completed its transition to a market economy, though the government retains a presence in some sectors.

  • GDP-composition, by sector of origin: agriculture - 23.4%, industry - 28.6%, services - 47.6%

  • Population: 58,552,845 (2020 estimate)

Tanzania's landmass encompasses 1 million square kilometers with 25% dedicated to wildlife and conservation regions. Species extinction and the related elimination of Tanzania's tourism infrastructure represent distinct cost categories.


Tanzania is home to one of the largest tree covers in the world. A forest inventory by the Tanzania Forest Services Agency in 2015 found that forests and wooded areas cover over 48 million hectares of land. Wood remains the main source of fuel for Tanzanians, even in urban areas. Global warming effects regionally and internationally are directly impacted by the continued burning of firewood throughout Tanzania.

Tanzania Landscape.jpg

There are sixteen National Parks, more than sixteen Game Reserves and designated Conservation Areas. No human living structures are allowed in the National Parks and limitations on living structures in the Games Reserves and Conservation Areas. Tanzania's Ministry of Tourism oversees their National Resources and National Parks. The Ministry of Home Affairs oversees the Tanzania Rangers, a para-military force dedicated to anti-poaching activities.

Praxis Africa Efforts

Tanzania Praxis Africa will implement a five-year range of integrated surveillance and operations data analysis, training and management services designed to acquire data from various sources, integrate the data through IT and human processes.

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